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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Posted By Dr Ashwini  
18/01/2019
09:00 AM

PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition, present in 12–21% of women of reproductive age. It causes irregular/ no periods, excess body hair and weight gain. Many patients present with fertility issues and get diagnosed with PCOS as the causative agent and have successfully fallen pregnant once PCOS is addressed and managed

 

Two of the following three criteria are required to diagnose PCOS

  • oligo/anovulation
  • hyperandrogenism
    • clinical (hirsutism or less commonly male pattern alopecia) or
    • biochemical (raised FAI or free testosterone)
  • polycystic ovaries on ultrasound
  • Lifestyle modifications plays a major role in managing PCOS. Healthy diet and exercise have a major role in PCOS management, even a small amount of weight loss (5%) can help restore menstrual cycle regularity and ovulation, assist mental wellbeing, reduce the risk of diabetes in high risk groups and help prevent future cardiometabolic risk such as heart attack and stroke.

Low Carbohydrate/ ketogenic diet has been recently highlighted in assisting with PCOS

It has multiple benefits, a few being

  1. Improvement in body weight                        
  2. improve hormone ratio
  3. improve insulin resistance

Which in the end brings about hormone regulation and prevention of adverse effects caused by high insulin. Prior to getting started, please check with your health care provider that you are a suitable candidate, please get blood test for monitoring and get your medications adjusted and looked in to if needed.

From my personal experience, its wonderful to see so many of my patients benefiting with correct lifestyle intervention and are able to reverse PCOS and lead a healthy lifestyle along the way.

 

Sources

1. The effects of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet on the polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot studyPublished online 2005 Dec
2. AFP reproductive health An update. Volume 41, No.10, October 2012 Pages 752-756

 

About the Author:

Dr Ashwini is a GP interested in Nutrition and Wellness, she thrives to help her patients achieve good health via lifestyle modifications in addition to conventional medicine where possible. This blog is her compilation of thoughts on multiple subjects close to her.

 

 

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